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Ownership, Contractual Practices and Technical Efficiency: The Case of Urban Public Transport in France

William Roy () and Anne Yvrande-Billon ()
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William Roy: LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Anne Yvrande-Billon: ATOM - Analyse Théorique des Organisations et des Marchés - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of ownership structure and contractual choices on technical efficiency in the French urban public transport sector. The central proposition, which relies on classical contract theory arguments, is that ownership regime and contractual practices are key determinants of performances.To test this proposition, we use an original panel data set covering 135 different French urban transport networks over the period 1995-2002 and we apply a stochastic frontier methodology.The econometric results corroborate our proposition: the technical efficiency of urban public transport operators depends on the ownership regime and on the type of contract governing their transactions.

Keywords: Contracts; Contractual Incentives; Contractual arrangements; Ownership; Efficiency; Performance; Urban Public Transport; Public Service Governance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007-05
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Published in Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 2007, 41 (2), pp.257-282

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