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Building and interconnecting hydrogen networks: insights from the electricity and gas experience in Europe

Nuno Bento ()
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Nuno Bento: LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the transition to a new energy system based on hydrogen in the European liberalized framework. After analyzing the literature on the hydrogen infrastructure needs in Europe, we estimate the size and scope of the transition challenge. We take the theoretical framework of network economics to analyze early hydrogen infrastructure needs. Therefore, several concepts are applied to hydrogen economics such as demand club effects, scale economies on large infrastructures, scope economies, and positive socio-economical externalities. On the examples of the electricity and natural gas industry formation in Europe, we argue for public intervention in order to create conditions to reach more rapidly the critical size of the network and to prompt network externalities allowing for the market diffusion of and, thus, an effective transition to the new energy system.

Keywords: Network economics; infrastructure; hydrogen (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-08
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://shs.hal.science/halshs-00266304
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Published in Energy Policy, 2008, 36 (8), pp.3009-3018. ⟨10.1016/j.enpol.2008.04.007⟩

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00266304

DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.04.007

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