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Comment mesurer la compétitivité structurelle des pays dans les équations d'exportation ?

Raphaël Chiappini ()

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Abstract: This paper investigates the use of a widened measure of non-price competitiveness in the exports' equations of Armington (1969). We use a panel data analysis using annual data for 11 European countries and focus on a global competitiveness indicator. Our results show that the non-price competitiveness can't be measured only by a proxy of innovation. Therefore, we also show that non-price competitiveness is also reflected with other factors like financial and human development, firm effectiveness and countries' infrastructure. Our study allows a better understanding of discrepancies among European countries exports' performances. We finally show that the German export performance is mainly due to a better cost-competitiveness, to innovative products, to a lower tax burden and to a better credit access for German firms.

Keywords: Price competitiveness; non-price competitiveness; export performances; Compétitivité-prix; compétitivité structurelle; performances commerciales (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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Published in Actualite Economique, Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales, 2011, 87 (1), pp.31-57. ⟨10.7202/1006338ar⟩

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DOI: 10.7202/1006338ar

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