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Transforming the European Energy System: Member States' Prospects within the EU Framework

Brigitte Knopf, Bjorn Bakken, Samuel Carrara, Amit Kanudia, Ilkka Keppo, Tiina Koljonen, Silvana Mima (), Eva Schmid () and Detlef Van Vuuren
Additional contact information
Brigitte Knopf: PIK - Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Bjorn Bakken: SINTEF Energy - SINTEF Energy
Samuel Carrara: FEEM - Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei - Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei
Amit Kanudia: KanORS-EMR - KanORS-EMR
Ilkka Keppo: UCL Energy Institute - UCL - University College of London [London]
Tiina Koljonen: VTT - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Silvana Mima: équipe EDDEN - PACTE [2003-2015] - Pacte, Laboratoire de sciences sociales [2003-2015] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IEPG [?-2019] - Sciences Po Grenoble - Institut d'études politiques de Grenoble [?-2019] - UJF - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1 - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2
Detlef Van Vuuren: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

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Abstract: The Energy Modeling Forum 28 (EMF28) performed a large-scale model comparison exercise to illustrate different technology pathways for cutting European greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050. Focusing on selected countries (France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and UK), this paper first analyzes climate and energy policy objectives and debates in the respective countries. It then compares EMF28 model results to the short-term projections of the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) and the long-term transformation pathway given in the European Commission's "Energy Roadmap 2050". It concludes that there is sufficient agreement with the NREAPs and national policies to accept the model results as conceivable scenarios. The scenarios suggest that in the future a variety of different national energy mixes will continue to reflect the different resource bases and preferences of individual Member States. In order to ensure a cost-efficient transformation, it is important to improve coordination between Member State policies and those at the EU level.

Keywords: European climate and energy policy; National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs); environmental federalism; mitigation scenarios (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-11
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Published in Climate Change Economics, 2013, 4 (suppl. 1, Special Issue on "The EMF28 Study on Scenarios for Transforming the European Energy System), pp.1340005/1-26. ⟨10.1142/S2010007813400058⟩

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Working Paper: Transforming the European Energy System: Member States’ Prospects Within the EU Framework (2014) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1142/S2010007813400058

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