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Beyond Carrots and Sticks: How Cooperation and Its Rewards Evolve Together

Luigino Bruni (), Fabrizio Panebianco and Alessandra Smerilli
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Fabrizio Panebianco: PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement
Alessandra Smerilli: PFSE Auxilium - PFSE Auxilium, School of Economics - UEA - University of East Anglia [Norwich]

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Abstract: This paper is based on the intuition of Dragonetti, an old Neapolitan economist, which argues that a society experiences economic and civic development if agents promote values and virtues, more than solely rely on punishments stated by law. We thus study the evolution of cooperative behaviors using a mechanism of endogenous social rewards for cooperation (SRC). These additional (material) rewards depend on the recognition that the society--each agent in the society--gives to cooperative strategies. We formalize it with a cultural evolution model in which the payoff matrix and the population shares coevolve. We find that this endogenous mechanism can produce a large variety of long-run situations (victory of cooperators, of non-cooperators or, finally, their coexistence) depending on the social features. Moreover, we analyze the differences between SRC and exogenous punishment, changes in cooperation costs or changes in repetition of interactions and we disentangle their respective contributions.

Keywords: Cooperation; Reciprocity; Cultural evolution; Prisoner's dilemma (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-02
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00955369
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Published in Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2014, 72 (1), pp.55-82. ⟨10.1080/00346764.2014.884388⟩

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Working Paper: Beyond Carrots and Sticks: How Cooperation and Its Rewards Evolve Together (2014)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00955369

DOI: 10.1080/00346764.2014.884388

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