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Gender differences in tournament and flat-wage schemes: An experimental study

David Masclet (), Emmanuel Peterle () and Sophie Larribeau
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Sophie Larribeau: CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: We present a new experiment that explores gender differences in both performance and compensation choices. While most of the previous studies have focused on tournament vs. piece-rate schemes, the originality of our study consists in examining the gender gap in the context of a flat wage scheme. Our data indicate that females exert a significantly higher effort than men in fixed payment schemes. We find however no gender difference in performance under the tournament scheme, due to a combination of two effects. On the one hand, men more significantly increase their effort when switching from a flat wage to a tournament scheme. On the other hand, when switching from the flat wage to a tournament scheme, women have less margin to increase performance since their effort was already relatively high with a flat wage. We also find that females are more likely than males to choose a flat-wage scheme than a tournament. This gap however narrows dramatically when feedback on previous experience is provided.

Keywords: Experiment; gender Differences; tournament scheme; flat-wage scheme (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp and nep-hrm
Date: 2015
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01105414
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Published in Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, 2015, 47, pp.103-115. ⟨10.1016/j.joep.2015.01.003⟩

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