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Trickle-Down ethnic politics: drunk and absent in the Kenya police force (1957-1970)

Oliver Vanden Eynde, Oliver Kühn () and Patrick M.and Moradi Alexander
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Alexander Moradi ()

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Abstract: How does ethnic politics affect the state's ability to provide policing services? Using a panel of administrative personnel data on the full careers of 6,784 police officers, we show how the rise of ethnic politics around Kenya's independence influenced policemen's behavior. We find a significant deterioration in discipline after Kenya's first multiparty election for those police officers of ethnic groups associated with the ruling party. These effects are driven by a behavioral change among these policemen. We find no evidence of favoritism within the police. Instead, our results are consistent with co-ethnic officers experiencing an emboldenment effect. Our findings highlight that the state's security apparatus, at its most granular level, is not insulated from ethnic politics.

Date: 2018-08
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01802894
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Published in American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, 2018, 10 (3), pp.388-417

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Journal Article: Trickle-Down Ethnic Politics: Drunk and Absent in the Kenya Police Force (1957-1970) (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Trickle-Down Ethnic Politics: Drunk and Absent in the Kenya Police Force (1957-1970) (2016) Downloads
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