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The labor market integration of refugees in the United States: Do entrepreneurs in the network help?

Olivier Dagnelie (), Anna Maria Mayda () and Jean-François Maystadt ()
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Anna Maria Mayda: GU - Georgetown University [Washington]

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Abstract: We investigate whether entrepreneurs in the network of refugees – from the same country of origin – help refugees enter the labor market by hiring them. We analyze the universe of refugee cases without U.S. ties who were resettled in the United States between 2005 and 2010. We address threats to identification due to refugees sorting into specific labor markets and to strategic placement by resettlement agencies. We find that the probability that refugees are employed 90 days after arrival is positively affected by the number of business owners in their network, but negatively affected by the number of those who are employees. This suggests that network members who are entrepreneurs hire refugees, while network members working as employees compete with them, which is consistent with refugees complementing the former and substituting for the latter.

Keywords: Labor market integration; Refugees; Entrepreneurship (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-01
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02084459
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Published in European Economic Review, Elsevier, 2019, 111, pp.257-272. ⟨10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.10.001⟩

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Journal Article: The labor market integration of refugees in the United States: Do entrepreneurs in the network help? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: The labor market integration of refugees to the United States: Do entrepreneurs in the network help? (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The labor market integration of refugees to the United States: Do entrepreneurs in the network help? (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Labor Market Integration of Refugees to the United States: Do Entrepreneurs in the Network Help? (2018) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-02084459

DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.10.001

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