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How voters use grade scales in evaluative voting

Antoinette Baujard (), Frédéric Gavrel, Herrade Igersheim (), Jean-François Laslier () and Isabelle Lebon
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Frédéric Gavrel: CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: During the first round of the 2012 French presidential election, participants in an in situ experiment were invited to vote according to " evaluative voting " , which involves rating the candidates using a numerical scale. Various scales were used: (0,1), (-1,0,1), (0,1,2), and (0,1,...,20). The paper studies scale calibration effects, i.e., how individual voters adapt to the scale, leading to possibly different election outcomes. The data show that scales are not linearly equivalent, even if individual ordinal preferences are not inconsistent. Scale matters, notably because of the symbolic power of negative grades, which does not affect all candidates uniformly.

Keywords: Calibration; Approval voting; Range voting; Evaluative Voting; In Situ Experiment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01618039
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Published in European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, 2018, 55, pp. 14-28. ⟨10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.09.006⟩

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Journal Article: How voters use grade scales in evaluative voting (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: How voters use grade scales in evaluative voting (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: How voters use grade scales in evaluative voting (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: How voters use grade scales in evaluative voting (2016)
Working Paper: How voters use grade scales in evaluative voting (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:pseptp:halshs-01618039

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.09.006

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