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Demographic Changes and the Labor Income Share

Hippolyte d'Albis (), Ekrame Boubtane and Dramane Coulibaly
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Hippolyte d'Albis: PSE - Paris School of Economics - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Hippolyte dQvQAlbis

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Abstract: In this article, we study the impact of demographic changes on the inequality between capital and labor incomes. More precisely, we analyze the impact of exogenous changes in both the rate of natural increase and the net migration rate on labor income as a share of total income. We estimate a structural vector au- toregression (VAR) model on a panel of 18 OECD countries with annual data for 1985-2018. We find that the response of the labor income share to an exogenous change in the rate of natural increase is signi_cantly negative a few years after the shock, whereas its response to an exogenous change in the net migration rate is significantly positive. This suggests that in addition to the factors usually introduced in the literature, demographic factors play a role in the observed variation in the labor income share.

Keywords: Panel VAR; Labor income share; Natural increase; International migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://shs.hal.science/halshs-02278765v2
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Journal Article: Demographic changes and the labor income share (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Demographic changes and the labor income share (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Demographic changes and the labor income share (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Demographic Changes and the Labor Income Share (2020) Downloads
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