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From workers to capitalists in less than two generations: A study of Chinese urban elite transformation between 1988 and 2013

Li Yang, Filip Novokmet and Branko Milanovic ()
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Li Yang: PSE - Paris School of Economics, WIL - World Inequality Lab
Filip Novokmet: University of Bonn

World Inequality Lab Working Papers from HAL

Abstract: Economic and social transformation of China during the past 40 years is without precedent in human history. While the economic transformation was extensively studied, social transformation was not. In this paper, we use for the first time harmonized household surveys covering the period 1988-2013 to study the changes in the characteristics the richest 5 percent of China's urban population. We find that the elite changed from being composed of high government officials, clerical staff, and workers in 1988 to professionals and small and large business owners in 2013. The educational level of the elite increased substantially. Membership in CCP has a positive (albeit small) effect on one's income but is particularly valuable to large business owners.

Keywords: China; elites; income share; class; top incomes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-his and nep-tra
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Related works:
Working Paper: From Workers to Capitalists in Less Than Two Generations: A Study of Chinese Urban Elite Transformation Between 1988 and 2013 (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: From workers to capitalists in less than two generations: A study of Chinese urban elite transformation between 1988 and 2013 (2019) Downloads
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