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Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990-2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region?

Facundo Alvaredo (), Lydia Assouad and Thomas Piketty ()
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Lydia Assouad: PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, WIL - World Inequality Lab

World Inequality Lab Working Papers from HAL

Abstract: In this paper we combine household surveys, national accounts, income tax data and wealth data in order to estimate income concentration in the Middle East for the period 1990-2016. According to our benchmark series, the Middle East appears to be the most unequal region in the world, with a top decile income share as large as 64%, as compared to 37% in Western Europe, 47% in the USA and 55% in Brazil. This is due both to enormous inequality between countries (particularly between oil-rich and population-rich countries) and to large inequality within countries (which we probably under-estimate, given the limited access to proper fiscal data). We stress the importance of increasing transparency on income and wealth in the Middle East, as well as the need to develop mechanisms of regional redistribution and investment.

Keywords: top incomes; fiscal data; concentration; distribution; Middle-East; measurement; Inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02796992
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Related works:
Journal Article: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990–2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990–2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region? (2019)
Working Paper: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990–2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region? (2019)
Working Paper: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990-2016: The World's Most Unequal Region? (2018)
Working Paper: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990-2016: The World's Most Unequal Region? (2018)
Working Paper: Measuring inequality in the Middle East 1990-2016: The World's Most Unequal Region? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990-2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Measuring lnequality in the Middle East 1990-2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region? (2017) Downloads
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