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Flexibilité des salaires et instabilité macroéconomique

Pascal Seppecher ()

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Abstract: We present a model of a dynamic and complex economy in which the creation and the destruction of money result from interactions between multiple and heterogeneous agents. In the baseline scenario, we observe the stabilization of the income distribution between wages and profits. We then alter the model by increasing the flexibility of wages. This change leads to the formation of a deflationary spiral. Aggregate activity decreases and unemployment increases. The macroeconomic stability of the model is affected and eventually a systemic crisis arises. Finally, we show that the introduction of a minimum wage would have boosted aggregate demand so as to avoid this crisis.

Keywords: Crisis; Minimum wage; Agent-based modelling; Macroeconomics; Endogenous money; Wages; Flexibility; Macroéconomie; Systèmes multi-agents; Salaires; Flexibilité; Monnaie endogène; Déflation; Crise; Salaire minimum (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-01-15
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00660498