Education, Intergenerational Mobility and Inequality
Joel Hellier and
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Bassem Ben-Halima: EQUIPPE - Economie Quantitative, Intégration, Politiques Publiques et Econométrie - Université de Lille, Sciences et Technologies - Université de Lille, Sciences Humaines et Sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France - Université de Lille, Droit et Santé
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Bassem BEN HALIMA
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We review the economic literature on the impacts of the several dimensions of education upon intergenerational inequality persistency. It is firstly outlined that the critical increase in the population education level in all countries has not come with lower inequality. The basic tools of education and intergenerational mobility modelling are subsequently exposed (OLG, education functions, education decision making etc.). The following two theoretical sections analyse the cases in which education leads (i) to human capital convergence in the long term and (ii) to social stratification with the emerging of under-education traps (situations in which certain dynasties remain continuously under-educated). A simple modelling of both cases is proposed for two types of educational decisions, one based on the family expenditure on education and the other on the time spent for education. The factors that generate social stratification and under education traps are especially underlined. The empirical literature on the determinants of educational attainment and intergenerational mobility is finally reviewed. This reveals the crucial impact of family backgrounds on educational attainment in all countries. It also demonstrates huge and last ing differences across countries in terms of intergenerational mobility.
Keywords: Education; Human capital; Intergenerational Mobility; Social Stratification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Chapter: Education, Intergenerational Mobility and Inequality (2013)
Working Paper: Education, Intergenerational Mobility and Inequality (2012)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00993472
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