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Enduring Gendered Mobility Patterns in Contemporary Senegal

Isabelle Chort (), Philippe De Vreyer and Thomas Zuber
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Philippe De Vreyer: LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine, DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme
Thomas Zuber: Colombia University - Columbia Mailman School of Public Health

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Abstract: This study explores internal migration patterns of men and women using individual panel data from a nationally representative survey collected in two waves, in 2006-2007 and 2010-2012, in Senegal. The data used are unique in that they contain the GPS coordinates of individuals' location in both waves. We are thus able to precisely calculate distances and map individual moves, avoiding limitations and constraints of migration definitions based on administrative units. Our results reveal major differences across gender. Women are found to be more likely to migrate than men. However, they move less far and are more likely to migrate to rural areas, especially when originating from rural areas. Education is found to increase the likelihood of migration to urban destinations, especially for women. An analysis of the motives for migrating confirms the existence of gendered migration patterns, as female mobility is mostly linked to marriage while labor mobility is frequently observed for men.

Keywords: Internal Migration; Gender Inequalities; Rural-Urban Migration; Senegal (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-ure
Date: 2018-10
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02141053
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