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Does Urbanization Help Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas? Evidence from Vietnam

Mohamed Arouri (), Adel Ben Youssef and Cuong Nguyen ()

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Abstract: Urbanization and poverty have a two-way relationship. Using fixed-effects regression andpanel data from household surveys, we estimate the effect of urbanization on welfare andpoverty of rural households in Vietnam. We find that urbanization tends to increaselandlessness of rural households and to reduce their farm income. However, urbanizationhelps rural households increase their wages and non-farm incomes. As a result, totalincome and consumption expenditure of rural households tend to be increased withurbanization. Then we find that urbanization also helps rural households decrease theexpenditure poverty rate, albeit at a small magnitude.

Keywords: urbanization; household welfare; rural poverty; impact evaluation; household surveys; Vietnam; Asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev and nep-sea
Date: 2014-09-25
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01068266
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Working Paper: Does Urbanization Help Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas? Evidence from Vietnam (2016) Downloads
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