Secular Stagnation, Liquidity Trap and Rational Asset Price Bubbles
Mathieu Boullot ()
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Mathieu Boullot: UP1 UFR02 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - UFR d'Économie - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne
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I build a model of liquidity traps and secular stagnation of arbitrary duration caused by local shortages of assets and propose a new mechanism through which rational bubbles stimulate investment and output. As opposed to global shortages of assets or safe asset shortages, local shortages of assets emphasize the macroeconomic importance of microe-conomic portfolio constraints and liquidity differentials across markets. Financial frictions that hamper the well-functioning of financial markets preclude some agents to invest in capital and introduce a premium between the interest rate and the stock market returns. A negative shock on the supply of assets available to those constrained agents rises the liquidity premium, decreases the interest rate and moves the economy toward the liquidity trap. Once at the ZLB, such a shock cannot be accommodated anymore by a drop in the interest rate, output falls below its potential to restore equilibrium between the supply and demand for liquidity. Bubbles that increase the supply of assets available to the constrained agents, prevent such a bad outcome and restore efficiency of the equilibrium, at the possible cost of a drop in potential output.
Keywords: Bubbles; Monetary Policy; Zero lower bound; Liquidity trap; Secular stagnation; Financial frictions; Dynamic inefficiency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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