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A Sustainability Index of Mining Countries

Issaka Dialga
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Issaka Dialga: LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - IEMN-IAE Nantes - Institut d'Économie et de Management de Nantes - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Nantes - UN - Université de Nantes - IUML - FR 3473 Institut universitaire Mer et Littoral - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - UM - Le Mans Université - UA - Université d'Angers - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UN - Université de Nantes - ECN - École Centrale de Nantes

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Abstract: This paper discusses the issue of Sustainable Development (SD) in countries with abundant natural resources with the aim to construct a Sustainability Index of Mining Countries (SIMC) based on the Hartwick's (1977) weak sustainability theoretical framework and the Brundtland et al. (1987) SD's vision. The specific studies on mining and Top down/ Bottom-up approach allow us to identify five dimensions of sustainability of mining countries namely an economic dimension, a social dimension, an environmental dimension, a transverse dimension and a dimension involving governance, political and institutional issues. Each dimension is declined into measurable indicators, and then, the indicators are weighted and aggregated. An implementation of the constructed tool with Burkina Faso and Niger data reveals a dichotomy between perceived rents and development indicators. A sensitivity and robustness analysis of the SIMC with other development indicators confirms the strength of the tool.

Keywords: Top down/ Bottom-up approach; Weak sustainability; Environmental cumulative impacts; Tool for decision making; Mining country; Composite index; Burkina Faso; Niger (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Date: 2017-04-03
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