Ethnic Horizontal Inequity in Indonesia
Christophe Muller ()
Working Papers from HAL
For the first time in Indonesia, we jointly analyse several economic statistics and ethnic diversity indicators at national and local levels. Nationally, we find very high levels of economic inequality, measured from household asset values or consumption expenditure. In contrast, the levels of ethnic diversity, while non-negligible, are much lower, whether they reflect fractionalization, polarization, or horizontal inequity based on individual living standards. All horizontal inequity indicators surged after the Asian economic crisis. Horizontal inequity based on education is much lower and decreasing. Finally, we provide tentative explanations of local horizontal inequity in regressions that show a mixed pattern of socioeconomic influences.
Keywords: inequality; ethnic diversity; community activities; Indonesia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Ethnic Horizontal Inequity in Indonesia (2017)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01508026
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