Assessing competition on Maritime Routes in the Liner Shipping Industry through multivariate analysis
Patrice Guillotreau and
Thomas Vallee ()
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Nikola Kutin: LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - IEMN-IAE Nantes - Institut d'Économie et de Management de Nantes - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Nantes - UN - Université de Nantes - IUML - FR 3473 Institut universitaire Mer et Littoral - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - UM - Le Mans Université - UA - Université d'Angers - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UN - Université de Nantes - ECN - École Centrale de Nantes, National University of Management
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The current paper investigates the level of competition on maritime routes in the liner shipping industry by applying multivariate and cluster analyses on maritime indicators. We use a dataset which includes maritime routes between 153 ports for the year 2014, described by several characteristics regarding the number of operators, the number of ships and trips, the size of ships, the sea distance, the bilateral countries' connectivity. Some clusters of maritime routes are identified along two key components, a first one related to the number of competing firms, and a second one where the average size of firms is positively correlated with distance. The first one indicates somehow the degree of competition while the second one is related to the efficiency of carriers. Another way of looking at competition is to consider the region-based trade and to see whether indicators respond differently from region to region.
Keywords: multivariate analysis; clusters; competition; shipping (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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