Analysis risk and commercial risk: the first treatment of usury in Thomas Aquinas's Commentary on the Sentences
Risque d'analyse et risque commercial: le premier traitement de l'usure dans le Commentaire des Sentences de Thomas d'Aquin
Pierre Januard ()
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Pierre Januard: PHARE - Philosophie, Histoire et Analyse des Représentations Économiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
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Whereas literature on Thomas Aquinas's doctrine of usury has tended to focus on the Summa Theologiae, this paper highlights the contribution of his early work the Commentary on the Sentences. In this work, Aquinas distances himself from the Roman law mutuum and the assumption of a borrower's state of necessity, and he introduces preliminary monetary elements. He thereby paves the way for a future understanding of surplus in intertemporal exchange. The monetary loan is presented as a commercial exchange involving not only commercial risk but also the risk of analytical errors in understanding the nature of the operation.
Keywords: risk; interest loan; usury; just price; mutuum; scholastic; Thomas Aquinas; Thomas Aquinas JEL classification: B11; risque; prêt à intérêt; usure; juste prix; scolastique; Thomas d'Aquin (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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