EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Critical raw materials for the energy transition

Aude Pommeret (), Francesco Ricci and Katheline Schubert

CEE-M Working Papers from CEE-M, Universtiy of Montpellier, CNRS, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro

Abstract: Renewable energy generation and storage requires specialized capital goods, embedding critical raw materials (CRM). The scarcity of CRM therefore affects the transition from a fossil based energy system to one based on renewables, necessary to cope with climate change. We consider the issue in a theoretical model, where we allow for a very costly potential substitute, reflecting a backstop technology, and for partial and costly recycling of materials in capital goods. We characterize the main features of the efficient energy transition, and their dependence on the relative abundance of CRM and on the recycling technology. Recycling reduces the cost of the transition. It also calls for having a large stock of recyclable CRM embedded in specialized capital at the time of adoption of the backstop technology. Moreover, we consider constraints on policy tools and myopic regulation, and show how abstracting from the scarcity of CRM, or tightly linking subsidies for renewables to the carbon tax revenue, is misleading in designing climate policy.

Keywords: material scarcity; recycling; energy transition; policy acceptability; myopia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-11-15
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env and nep-res
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03429055
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3)

Downloads: (external link)
https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03429055/document (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Critical raw materials for the energy transition (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Critical raw materials for the energy transition (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Critical raw materials for the energy transition (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Critical raw materials for the energy transition (2021) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:wpceem:hal-03429055

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CEE-M Working Papers from CEE-M, Universtiy of Montpellier, CNRS, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Laurent Garnier ().

 
Page updated 2024-04-07
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpceem:hal-03429055