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Beyond the Income Effect of International Trade on Ethnic Wars in Africa

Fabien Candau, T Gbandi and Geoffroy Guepie
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T Gbandi: TREE - Transitions Energétiques et Environnementales - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Working papers of Transitions Energétiques et Environnementales (TREE) from HAL

Abstract: We use detailed information on the location of agricultural and mining production to approximate international trade for different ethnic groups in order to study its impact on ethnic conflicts in Africa between 1993 and 2010. The goal is to go beyond the income effects of trade to study the residual effects of globalization on conflicts. We find that once we control for income but also for a wide variety of different factors in conflicts (using political variables and fixed effects), the international trade by ethnic groups has a pacific impact on conflicts. While this peaceful impact of trade is mainly found in the trade in agricultural products, it does not have a significant impact in the international trade in mining products. Finally, we propose an original two-step analysis showing that exports significantly reduce conflicts by affecting time-varying national characteristics. We interpret this result as an indication that globalization in Africa has participated in the formation of new national identities with peaceful effects between ethnic groups.

Keywords: Ethnic Wars; Regional Trade; Globalization; National Identity; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-10-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-int
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.science/hal-03265017v2
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