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The Roma/non-Roma Test Score Gap in Hungary

Gabor Kertesi () and Gabor Kezdi ()

No 1010, Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market from Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies

Abstract: This paper documents and decomposes the test score gap between Roma and non-Roma 8th graders in Hungary in 2006. Our data connect national standardized test scores to an individual panel survey with detailed data on ethnicity and family background. The test score gap is approximately one standard deviation for both reading and mathematics, which is similar to the gap between African-American and White students of the same age group in the U.S. in the 1980s. After accounting for on health, parenting, school fixed effects and family background, the gap disappears in reading and drops to 0.15 standard deviation in mathematics. Health, parenting and schools explain most of the gap, but ethnic differences in those are almost entirely accounted for by differences in parental education and income.

Keywords: test score gap; Roma minority; Hungary (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 I20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
Date: 2010-12
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Journal Article: The Roma/Non-Roma Test Score Gap in Hungary (2011) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:has:bworkp:1010

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