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Firms’ Price Markups and Returns to Scale in Imperfect Markets - Bulgaria and Hungary

Rumen Dobrinsky (), Gabor Korosi (), Nikolay Markov () and László Halpern ()
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Rumen Dobrinsky: UN Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Gabor Korosi: Institute of Economics Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Nikolay Markov: Centre for Economic and Strategic Research, Bulgaria

No 412, CERS-IE WORKING PAPERS from Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies

Abstract: Under perfect competition and constant returns to scale, firms producing homogeneous products set their prices at their marginal costs which also equal their average costs. However, the departure from these standard assumptions has important implications with respects to the derived theoretical results and the validity of the related empirical analysis. In particular, monopolistic firms will charge a markup over their marginal costs. We show that firms' markups tend to be directly associated with the employed production technology, more specifically with their returns to scale. Accordingly, we analyze the implications for the markup ratios from the incidence of non-constant returns to scale. We present quantitative results illustrating the effect of the returns to scale index on the firms' price markups, as well as the relationship between the two indicators, on the basis of firm-level data for Bulgarian and Hungarian manufacturing firms.

Keywords: markup pricing; market imperfections; return to scale; Bulgaria; Hungary (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 D21 D24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 pages
Date: 2004-07
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (12)

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