Entrepreneurship and Urban Growth: An Empirical Assessment with Historical Mines
Edward Glaeser (),
Sari Pekkala Kerr () and
William Kerr ()
No 13-015, Harvard Business School Working Papers from Harvard Business School
Measures of entrepreneurship, such as average establishment size and the prevalence of start-ups, correlate strongly with employment growth across and within metropolitan areas, but the endogeneity of these measures bedevils interpretation. Chinitz (1961) hypothesized that coal mines near Pittsburgh led that city to specialization in industries, like steel, with significant scale economies and that those big firms led to a dearth of entrepreneurial human capital across several generations. We test this idea by looking at the spatial location of past mines across the United States: proximity to historical mining deposits is associated with bigger firms and fewer start-ups in the middle of the 20th century. We use mines as an instrument for our entrepreneurship measures and find a persistent link between entrepreneurship and city employment growth; this connection works primarily through lower employment growth of start-ups in cities that are closer to mines. These effects hold in cold and warm regions alike and in industries that are not directly related to mining, such as trade, finance and services. We use quantile instrumental variable regression techniques and identify mostly homogeneous effects throughout the conditional city growth distribution.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Industrial Organization; Chinitz; Agglomeration; Clusters; Cities; Mines. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L0 L1 L2 L6 N5 N9 O1 O4 R0 R1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ent, nep-geo, nep-his and nep-ure
Date: 2012-08, Revised 2015-10
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (25) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Entrepreneurship and Urban Growth: An Empirical Assessment with Historical Mines (2015)
Working Paper: ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND URBAN GROWTH:AN EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT WITH HISTORICAL MINES (2013)
Working Paper: Entrepreneurship and Urban Growth: An Empirical Assessment with Historical Mines (2012)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hbs:wpaper:13-015
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Harvard Business School Working Papers from Harvard Business School Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Soebagio Notosoehardjo ().