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Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing

Ejaz Ghani (), Arti Grover () and William Kerr ()

No 13-040, Harvard Business School Working Papers from Harvard Business School

Abstract: We investigate the impact of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) highway project on the Indian organized manufacturing sector using enterprise data. The GQ project upgraded the quality and width of 5,846 km of roads in India. We use a difference-in-difference estimation strategy to compare non-nodal districts based upon their distance from the highway system. We find several positive effects for non-nodal districts located 0-10 km from GQ that are not present in districts 10-50 km away, most notably higher entry rates and increases in plant productivity. These results are not present for districts located on another major highway system, the North-South East-West corridor (NS-EW). Improvements for portions of the NS-EW system were planned to occur at the same time as GQ but were subsequently delayed. Additional tests show that the GQ project's effect operates in part through a stronger sorting of land-intensive industries from nodal districts to non-nodal districts located on the GQ network. The GQ upgrades further helped spread economic activity to moderate-density districts and intermediate cities.

Keywords: Highways; roads; infrastructure; India; development; manufacturing; density; rent. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L10 L25 L26 L60 L80 L90 L91 L92 M13 O10 R00 R10 R11 R14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ppm, nep-tre and nep-ure
Date: 2012-11
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Related works:
Journal Article: Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing (2012) Downloads
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