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Management as a Technology?

Nicholas Bloom (), Raffaella Sadun () and John van Reenen ()

No 16-133, Harvard Business School Working Papers from Harvard Business School

Abstract: Are some management practices akin to a technology that can explain company and national productivity, or do they simply reflect contingent management styles? We collect data on core management practices from over 11,000 firms in 34 countries. We find large cross-country differences in the adoption of basic management practices, with the US having the highest size-weighted average management score. We present a formal model of "Management as a Technology", and structurally estimate it using panel data to recover parameters including the depreciation rate and adjustment costs of managerial capital (both found to be larger than for tangible non-managerial capital). Our model also predicts (i) a positive effect of management on firm performance; (ii) a positive relationship between product market competition and average management quality (part of which stems from the larger covariance between management with firm size as competition strengthens); and (iii) a rise (fall) in the level (dispersion) of management with firm age. We find strong empirical support for all of these predictions in our data. Finally, building on our model, we find that differences in management practices account for about 30% of cross-country total factor productivity differences.

Keywords: management practices; productivity; competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L2 M2 O32 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eff and nep-ind
Date: 2016-05
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Working Paper: Management as a Technology? (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Management as a Technology (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Management as a technology? (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Management as a Technology? (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Management as a Technology? (2016) Downloads
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