Pharma-Innovationen: Überragende Position der USA und Schwächen der deutschen universitären und außeruniversitären Forschung
Andreas Eckert () and
Wolfgang Maennig ()
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Andreas Eckert: Eckert Wagniskapital und Frühphasenfinanzierung GmbH
No 68, Working Papers from Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg
We calculate a novel international measure of pharmaceutical innovation power by focusing on global medical breakthroughs and the patents cited therein. This method of calculation is significant (beyond the life sciences) because it measures research performance not in terms of inputs such as research funding or in terms of outputs that are not valued monetarily, such as patent applications and scientific publications, but solely in terms of patents exploited. According to our calculations, companies in the U.S. are responsible for more than half (55%) of the world's medical breakthroughs between 2010 and 2019, while institutions from Germany achieve a share of around 9%. For the anchor patents underlying these breakthroughs, the dominance of the U.S. is even greater at 62% - only 7% of anchor patents come from Germany. US universities hold 3.8% of all anchor patents - German universities none. This weakness of German universities cannot be compensated by German non-university public research institutes such as the Max Planck Society.
Pages: 37 pages
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Published in Hamburg Contemporary Economic Discussions, Issue 68, 2021
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