Distributive Effects of the Crisis and Austerity in Seven EU Countries
Manos Matsaganis and
Chrysa Leventi ()
No 14/04, ImPRovE Working Papers from Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp
European welfare states are under considerable stress. On the one hand, the recession has caused unemployment to rise and household incomes to fall, which both raise the demand for social protection. On the other hand, austerity policies and programme reforms affect the capacity of welfare states to provide social protection. This paper aims to provide an early assessment of the distributional implications of the economic developments in Greece, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania in the period 2009-13. Using a microsimulation model, we attempt to disentangle the first-order effects of tax-benefit policies from the overall effects of the crisis. Moreover, we estimate how the burden of the crisis has been shared across income groups, and how the differential impact of the crisis may have altered the composition of the population in poverty. We conclude by discussing the methodological pitfalls and policy implications of our research.
Keywords: austerity; crisis; income distribution; microsimulation; European Union; EU-SILC; EUROMOD (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 D3 I3 H2 H31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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