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Forced Labour in Franco's Spain: Workforce Supply, Profits and Productivity

Fernando Mendiola

No 4, Working Papers from European Historical Economics Society (EHES)

Abstract: This article analyses the forced labour system created in Spain during the Civil War and maintained during the Francoist dictatorship, paying special attention to the economic logic that led the state and private enterprises to draw a profit from this kind of punishment. In order to deal with this question in depth my research has been focused on three main aspects: the workforce supply in a war economy and in a context of reconstruction, the margins of profit produced by this kind of labour in comparison with free labour, and the problems related to productivity levels. Through consideration of these questions I present an overview of the main research in the subject and make suggestions for new goals in Spanish economic history concerned with this kind of repressive practice, bringing it into line with international historiography on the forced labour economy.

Keywords: forced labour; war economy; Spanish Civil War; Franco’s Dictatorship; prison economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J20 N34 N44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 28 pages
Date: 2011-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his
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