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Two stories, one fate: Age-heaping and literacy in Spain, 1877-1930

Francisco Beltrán Tapia (), Alfonso Díez-Minguela, Julio Martinez-Galarraga () and Daniel Tirado-Fabregat ()
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Alfonso Díez-Minguela: Universitat de València

No 139, Working Papers from European Historical Economics Society (EHES)

Abstract: This study looks at human capital in Spain during the early stages of modern economic growth. In order to do so, we have assembled a new dataset on ageheaping and literacy in Spain for both men and women between 1877 and 1930 based on six population censuses with information for 49 provinces. Our results show that age-heaping was less prevalent during the second half of the 19th century than previously thought and did not decrease until the early twentieth century. By contrast, literacy increased throughout the whole period. Interestingly, age-heaping and illiteracy rates depict similar spatial patterns which confirm the stark differences in human capital within Spain. Lastly, we raise critical questions as regards sources, methods, and the interpretation of age-heaping.

Keywords: Spain; age-heaping; literacy; nineteenth-century (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I25 N9 O15 N01 I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro and nep-his
Date: 2018-10
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