Knowledge transfer at the science-policy interface: How cognitive distance and the degree of expert autonomy shapes the outcome
Anders Broström and
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Maureen McKelvey: Institute of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, Department of Economy & Society, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg.
No 441, Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation from Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies
This paper analyzes the conditions for successful knowledge transfer between the spheres of science and public policy. It does so by focusing upon the science-policy interface, specifically the processes of direct interaction between scientists and scientifically trained experts on the one hand and agents of policy-making organizations on the other. The paper defines two dimensions – cognitive distance and expert autonomy – which are argued to influence knowledge exchange, in such a way as to shape the outcome. A case study on the implementation of congestion charges in Stockholm, Sweden illustrates how the proposed framework pinpoints three central issues for understanding these processes: 1) differentiating the roles of e.g. a science-based consultancy firm and an academic environment in policy formation; 2) examining the fit between the organizational form of the science-policy interface and the intended goals; and 3) increasing our understanding of when policy makers themselves need to develop scientific competence in order to interact effectively with scientific experts.
Keywords: organizational learning; science-based policy; evidence-based policy; interaction; cognitive distance; congestion charges (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A14 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 24 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-knm and nep-net
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0441
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