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Fairness Concerns in Environmental Economics - Do They Really Matter and If So How?

Olof Johansson-Stenman () and James Konow ()

No 398, Working Papers in Economics from University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics

Abstract: Are fairness concerns of relevance to environmental economics and, if so, are they sufficiently structured to improve analysis in this field? On both of these questions, we answer in the affirmative, arguing that people’s fairness views are based on both general rules and the context, where context refers to the set of variables and persons employed to interpret and apply the principles. The fairness rules analyzed are accountability (i.e., rewards that are proportional to contributions individuals control), efficiency, need and equality. We conclude that stakeholders typically exhibit a “fairness bias”, i.e., they tend, consciously or not, to interpret and apply fairness principles in a self-serving manner, whereas the views of spectators, or impartial third parties, tend to converge significantly more. Further, we argue that fairness considerations are relevant to both descriptive and prescriptive analysis in environmental economics. These fairness concerns are reflected in the behavior of private and public decision-makers and have potentially important policy implications through the overall social objective function.

Keywords: Justice; Fairness rules; accountability; equity theory; environmental economics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 H40 Q50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
Date: 2009-11-16
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-exp, nep-hpe and nep-res
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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