Son Preferences and Education Inequalities in India
Heather Congdon Fors and
No 781, Working Papers in Economics from University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics
We investigate the impact of son preferences in India on gender inequalities in education. We distinguish the impact of preferential treatment of boys from the impact of gender-biased fertility strategies (gender-specific fertility stopping rules and sex-selective abortions). Results show strong impacts of gender-biased fertility strategies on education differences between girls and boys. Preferential treatment of boys has a more limited impact on gender differences. Further, results suggest that gender-biased fertility strategies create gender inequalities in education both because girls and boys end up in systematically different families and because of gender-inequalities in pecuniary investment within families. The extra advantage of the eldest son within the family is small.
Keywords: Son preferences; Gender; Sex-selection; Fertility-stopping rules; Human Capital; Education; Birth order (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 I20 J16 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
Date: 2019-10, Revised 2021-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen
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