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The EU-Russia Gas Relationship: a mutual dependency

Chloe Le Coq () and Elena Paltseva ()
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Chloe Le Coq: Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics, Postal: Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, SE-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

No 18, SITE Working Paper Series from Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics

Abstract: Current debate on the energy security in the EU often stresses the EU dependency on gas imports from Russia. However, Russia is no less dependent on the EU – more than half of its gas exports goes to Europe. The purpose of this paper is to characterize this mutual dependency through an index-based approach, and to discuss how the development of gas markets may affect such dependency. We suggest a unified framework to assess the security of gas supply for the EU and the security of gas demand for Russia, and construct dependency indexes for both parties. Our approach accounts not only for the traditional import/export dependency measures but also for the balance of power between Russia and the EU. The proposed methodology is then used to address the evolution of the EU-Russia gas relationship in the view of gas market’s developments. New gas pipelines projects (e.g., South Stream, Nabucco) and increasing use of liquefied natural gas are all likely to impact both the demand side and the supply side of the EU-Russia gas trade, and affect mutual gas dependency between the EU and Russia.

Keywords: Energy Security; European Union; Gas transit risks; Index; Russia. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 Q40 Q48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33 pages
Date: 2012-09-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-cwa, nep-ene, nep-ppm and nep-tra
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