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Gender differences in sickness absence and the gender division of family responsibilities

Nikolay Angelov (), Per Johansson () and Erica Lindahl ()
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Erica Lindahl: IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy, Postal: P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

No 2013:9, Working Paper Series from IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

Abstract: This study investigates possible reasons for the gender difference in sickness absence. We estimate both short- and long-term effects of parenthood in a within-couple analysis based on the timing of parenthood. We find that after entering parenthood, women increase their sickness absence by between 0.5 days per month (during the child's third year) and 0.85 days per month (during year 17) more than their spouse. By investigating possible explanations for the observed effect, we conclude that the effect mainly stems from higher home commitment, which reduces women's labour market attachment and, in turn, increases female sickness absence.

Keywords: Double burden; health investment; household work; labour market work; moral hazard; parenthood; sickness insurance; work absence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 D13 I19 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
Date: 2013-04-17
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-hea, nep-hrm, nep-ias, nep-lab and nep-lma
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