Disease and Fertility: Evidence from the 1918 Influenza Pandemic in Sweden
Martin Karlsson and
Therese Nilsson ()
Additional contact information
Maryna Ivets: University of Duisburg-Essen
No 1179, Working Paper Series from Research Institute of Industrial Economics
This paper studies the effect of the 1918–19 influenza pandemic on fertility using a historical dataset from Sweden. Our results suggest an immediate reduction in fertility driven by morbidity, and additional behavioral effects driven by mortality. We find some evidence of community rebuilding and replacement fertility, but the net long-term effect is fertility reduction. In districts highly affected by the flu there is also an improvement in parental quality: we observe a relative increase in births to married women and better-off city dwellers. Our findings help understand the link between mortality and fertility, one of the central relations in demography, and show that several factors – including disruptions to marriage and labor markets – contribute to fertility reduction in the long term. Our results are consistent with studies that find a positive fertility response following natural disasters, but with high-quality historical data we show that this effect is short-lived.
Keywords: 1918–19 influenza pandemic; Influenza and pneumonia mortality; Fertility; Difference-in-Differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 J11 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-gro, nep-hea and nep-his
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: Disease and Fertility: Evidence from the 1918 Influenza Pandemic in Sweden (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:1179
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Paper Series from Research Institute of Industrial Economics Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Elisabeth Gustafsson ().