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Globalization and Populism in Europe

Andreas Bergh () and Anders Kärnä

No 1304, Working Paper Series from Research Institute of Industrial Economics

Abstract: Recent micro-level studies have suggested that globalization - in particular, economic globalization and trade with China - breeds political polarization and populism. This study examines whether or not those results generalize by examining the country-level association between vote shares for European populist parties and economic globalization. Using data on vote shares for 267 right-wing and left-wing populist parties in 33 European countries during 1980-2017, and globalization data from the KOF-institute, we find no evidence of a positive association between (economic or other types of) globalization and populism. EU-membership is associated with 4 to 6 percentage points larger vote shares for right-wing populist parties.

Keywords: Globalization; Populism; Trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F68 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 21 pages
Date: 2019-11-19, Revised 2020-10-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-int and nep-pol
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