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The Geography and Structure of Global Innovation Networks: A Knowledge Base Perspective

Ju Liu (), Cristina Chaminade and Bjørn Asheim

No 2013/15, Papers in Innovation Studies from Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation Research

Abstract: This paper explores the geography and structure of global innovation networks (GINs) of two multinational companies belonging to industries with different knowledge bases. It contributes to existing literature on knowledge bases, by studying both intra-firm and inter-firm GINs. By means of social network analysis based on primary data, we identify two different forms of GINs, namely the globallyorganised model and the locally-organised model. The paper finds that, in addition to influencing the geographic spread of a GIN, the knowledge base also influences the way that a GIN is organised.

Keywords: global innovation network; multinational companies; knowledge base; structure; geography; social network analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2012-09-15
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-cwa, nep-geo, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-knm, nep-lam, nep-ltv, nep-net, nep-neu and nep-ure
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