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Collaboration in innovation between foreign subsidiaries and local universities: evidence from Spain

José Guimón () and Juan Carlos Salazar ()
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José Guimón: Department of Economic Structure and Development Economics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Juan Carlos Salazar: Department of Economic Structure and Development Economics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

No 2014/5, Papers in Innovation Studies from Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy

Abstract: Collaboration between foreign subsidiaries and universities is relevant for multinational companies that aim at absorbing knowledge from abroad, as well as for policymakers attempting to maximize the spillovers associated with FDI. In this paper, we explore how multinational companies collaborate with universities in the foreign countries where they locate and provide new empirical evidence for Spain as a host country. Using a probit model with panel data from the Community Innovation Survey, we failed to find significant differences between the propensity of foreign subsidiaries and comparable Spanish firms to collaborate with universities. Subsequently, building on a new survey and five case studies, we were able to relate the scale and scope of such collaborations with the dynamic mandates of foreign subsidiaries in global innovation networks and to explore further the variety of motivations that drive collaboration.

Keywords: collaboration in innovation; FDI; foreign subsidiaries; global innovation networks; multinational companies; open innovation; spillovers; university-industry collaboration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-cse, nep-edu, nep-ino, nep-int, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-knm and nep-sbm
Date: 2014-05-07
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