Early Socialization and the Gender Wage Gap
Demid Getik () and
Armando N. Meier ()
Additional contact information
Demid Getik: Department of Economics, Lund University, Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund, Sweden
Armando N. Meier: University of Lausanne, Department of Economics, http://www.armandomeier.com
No 2021:13, Working Papers from Lund University, Department of Economics
We study the impact of early socialization on gender inequality in the labor market. To this end, we link the gender environment in the primary-school cohort to later occupations and wages. We find that women exposed to more girls at this critical age earn more later on, leading to a reduction in the gender wage gap. We explore mechanisms and find that women exposed to a more female-dominated environment select into less gender-stereotypical occupations with higher wage potential. The gender environment at an early age, therefore, shapes career trajectories and lifetime earnings.
Keywords: Socialization; school environment; peers; occupational sorting; gender wage gap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D91 I24 I26 J16 J24 J70 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 55 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-gen and nep-lma
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:lunewp:2021_013
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