Optimal trade policy with monopolistic competition and heterogeneous firms
Jan I. Haaland () and
Anthony Venables ()
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Jan I. Haaland: Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH , Department of Economics, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway
No 33/2014, Discussion Paper Series in Economics from Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics
This paper derives optimal trade and domestic taxes for a small open economy containing a monopolistically competitive (MC) sector in which firms may have heterogeneous productivity levels. Analysis encompasses cases in which the domestic MC sector is able to expand or contract flexibly, or is constrained to be of fixed size. In the former case domestic protection can bring gains by increasing the number of product varieties on offer; these gains (and the corresponding rates of domestic subsidy or of import tariffs) are reduced by heterogeneity of foreign exporters some of whom may withdraw from the market. In the latter case gains from protection arise from terms-of-trade effects; since various margins of substitution are switched off, only the relative values of domestic taxes, import tariffs and export taxes matter. In general, policies work through both a terms-oftrade and a variety effect, and the paper shows how the relative importance of each depends on the structure of the economy.
Keywords: Trade policy; monopolistic competition; heterogeneous firms; terms of trade; variety; productivity. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Optimal trade policy with monopolistic competition and heterogeneous firms (2016)
Working Paper: Optimal Trade Policy With Monopolistic Competition and Heterogeneous Firms (2016)
Working Paper: Optimal trade policy with monopolistic competition and heterogeneous firms (2014)
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