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The effect of cross-border shopping on commodity tax revenue: Results from a natural experiment

Richard Friberg (), Emil M. Strøm Halseth (), Steen Frode () and Simen Ulsaker ()
Additional contact information
Richard Friberg: Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH, Department of Economics, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway, https://www.nhh.no/en/employees/faculty/richard-friberg/
Emil M. Strøm Halseth: Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH, Department of Economics, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway, https://www.nhh.no/en/employees/faculty/emil-mathias-strom-halseth/
Steen Frode: Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH, Department of Economics, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway, https://www.nhh.no/en/employees/faculty/frode-steen/

No 9/2022, Discussion Paper Series in Economics from Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics

Abstract: We use grocery data from Norway and COVID-19 border closings to gauge the effect of cross-border shopping on commodity tax revenue. Detailed store-category level data identify differential treatment effects that depend on distance to Swedish stores. Economically significant effects extend to up to two hours’ drive from the border, and even further for prominent cross-border shopping products as beer, cigarettes and soda. Across all products, cross-border shopping decreases tax revenue from VAT by 3.6% at the national level. National commodity tax revenue from carbonated soft drinks (subject to a sugar tax) is reduced by 8.1% and from cigarettes by 11.9%.

Keywords: Cross-border shopping; Commodity taxes; Excise taxes; Tax Competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F15 H20 L81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 81 pages
Date: 2022-06-20
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-pbe and nep-ure
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