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Liquidity Constraints and Entrepreneurial Performance

Hans Hvide and Jarle Møen

No 2007/21, Discussion Papers from Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science

Abstract: If entrepreneurs are liquidity constrained and cannot borrow to operate on an efficient scale, those with more personal wealth should do better than those with less wealth. We investigate this hypothesis using a unique dataset from Norway. Consistent with liquidity constraints being present, we find a strong positive relationship between founder prior wealth and start-up size. The relationship between prior wealth and start-up performance, as measured by profitability on assets, increases for the main bulk of the wealth distribution and decreases sharply at the top. We estimate that profitability on assets increases by about 8 percentage points from the 10th to the 75th percentile of the wealth distribution. This suggests an entrepreneurial production function with a region of increasing returns. Liquidity constraints may then stop entrepreneurs from being able to exploit a "hump" in marginal productivity. From the 75th to the 99th percentile returns drops by about 10 percentage points. This suggests that an abundance of liquidity may to do more harm than good.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Household Finance; Private benefits; Start-ups; Wealth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G14 L26 M13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
Date: 2007-09-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eff and nep-ent
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (8)

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