Estimating the additionality of R&D subsidies using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions
Morten S. Henningsen (),
Torbjørn Hægeland and
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Morten S. Henningsen: Finance Norway, Postal: Finance Norway, Postboks 2473 Solli, 0202 Oslo, Norway
No 2014/18, Discussion Papers from Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science
Empirical examination of whether R&D subsidies crowd out private investments has been hampered by selection problems. A particular worry is that project quality and research intentions may be correlated with the likelihood of receiving subsidies. Using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions, we do not find strong evidence suggesting that this type of selection creates a severe bias. Proposal evaluation grades strongly predict R&D investments and reduce selection bias in cross-sectional regressions, but there is limited variation in grades within firms over time. Hence, in our sample, unobserved project quality is largely absorbed by firm fixed effects. Our best estimate of the shortrun additionality of R&D subsidies is 1.15, i.e., a oneunit increase in subsidy increases total R&D expenditure in the recipient firm by somewhat more than a unit. We demonstrate, however, that there is measurement error in the subsidy variable. Additionality is therefore likely to be underestimated.
Keywords: Technology policy; R&D subsidies; input additionality; selection; proxy variables (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H25 H32 L53 O32 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 26 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino, nep-ppm, nep-sbm and nep-tid
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Journal Article: Estimating the additionality of R&D subsidies using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2014_018
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