Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats
Carl Magnus Bjuggren (),
Dan Johansson () and
Mikael Stenkula ()
No 154, Ratio Working Papers from The Ratio Institute
Research on entrepreneurship has received an increased amount of interest in recent years, with self-employment being used as the most common proxy for “entrepreneurship” in empirical studies. However, there are various ways of defining selfemployment, making it a somewhat dubious proxy. This may flaw the analysis, especially in cross-country studies, since the documentation of data often is insufficient and difficult to access due to language barriers. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data. We show that the measurement of self-employment has changed over time to noticeably affect the reported number of self-employed in the two major statistical sources on self-employment. The reported development of self-employment sometimes differs diametrically depending on source. Sweden is occasionally erroneously reported to show the largest increase in selfemployment in cross-country studies. Our study mimics the results of other country-specific analyses and we conclude that well-grounded conclusions require that the advantages and disadvantages of different statistical sources are recognized.
Keywords: Labor Force Survey; RAMS; self-employed; self employment; entrepreneurship (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 C82 L26 M13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ent and nep-lab
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Journal Article: Using self-employment as proxy for entrepreneurship: some empirical caveats (2012)
Working Paper: Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:ratioi:0154
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