International business cycles: quantifying the effects of a world market for oil
Johan Gars () and
Conny Olovsson ()
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Johan Gars: GEDB, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Postal: SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden
Conny Olovsson: Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
No 340, Working Paper Series from Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden)
To what extent is the international business cycle affected by the fact that an essential input (oil) is traded on the world market? We quantify the contribution of oil by setting up a model with separate shocks to efficiencies of capital/labor and oil, as well as global shocks to the oil supply. We find that the shocks to the supply and the efficiency of oil both contribute to positive comovements. These two shocks are also relatively transitory, which induces high responses in output and low responses in consumption. As a consequence, the model resolves both the consumption correlation puzzle and the international comovement puzzle.
Keywords: International comovements; business cycles; oil; productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 F32 F41 Q43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-ene, nep-mac and nep-opm
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