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Drivers of consumer prices and exchange rates in small open economies

Vesna Corbo () and Paola Di Casola ()
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Vesna Corbo: Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
Paola Di Casola: Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden

No 387, Working Paper Series from Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract: We study the fluctuations of exchange rates and consumer prices in two small open economies, Sweden and Canada, using a structural Bayesian VAR. Four domestic and two global shocks are identified through zero and sign restrictions. For both economies, we find that the main driver of consumer price inflation is the global demand shock. A negative global demand shock is not only deflationary for the small open economy, but also depreciates its currency. Hence, the observed exchange rate pass-through following this shock is of opposite sign to what is usually expected. Finally, exogenous shocks to the Exchange rate are less important drivers of exchange rate movements than in many other structural models.

Keywords: Exchange rate pass-through; consumer prices; import prices; monetary policy; global shocks; SVAR (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E52 F31 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 71 pages
Date: 2020-03-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac, nep-mon and nep-opm
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0387

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