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Effects of foreign and domestic central bank government bond purchases in a small open economy DSGE model: Evidence from Sweden before and during the coronavirus pandemic

Yildiz Akkaya (), Carl-Johan Belfrage (), Paola Di Casola () and Ingvar Strid ()
Additional contact information
Yildiz Akkaya: Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
Carl-Johan Belfrage: Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
Paola Di Casola: European Central Bank
Ingvar Strid: Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden

No 421, Working Paper Series from Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract: This paper evaluates the macroeconomic effects of foreign and domestic central bank government bond purchases on the Swedish economy before and during the Corona pandemic using a small open economy DSGE model with segmented asset markets. In this model, the effects of foreign and domestic quantitative easing on the Swedish economy occur mainly through the exchange rate channel. The calibrated model is able to broadly capture the movements in foreign and domestic bond yields, capital flows and the Krona exchange rate associated with QE since the global financial crisis in 2007-2009. We find that foreign quantitative easing strengthened the Krona exchange rate and had modestly negative effects on Swedish GDP and inflation. Domestic QE, on the other hand, depreciated the Krona and had modestly positive macroeconomic effects. In 2015-2019 the government bond purchases on average depreciated the Krona by 2.5 percent, increased GDP by 0.2 percent, and increased inflation by 0.2 percentage points. The government bond purchases following the pandemic, which were more limited in size, had roughly half of these effects.

Keywords: Unconventional Monetary Policy; Quantitative Easing; Effective Lower Bound; International Spillovers; DSGE model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 E52 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 55 pages
Date: 2023-02-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cba, nep-dge, nep-eec, nep-fdg, nep-mon and nep-opm
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